Memphis and Saqqara


Written by: Gary Wonning

Memphis and Saqqara, are two of the most ancient cities in Egypt. Saqqara is the home of some of the oldest Egyptian pyramids. King Djoser’s step pyramid and the pyramid of Unas, the last pharaoh of the 5th dynasty are conveniently located next to one another.

photo of Ramses 11

Rameses 11

King Djoser  was the first or second king of the 3rd dynasty of the old kingdom and ruled around 2650 B.C. He ruled for 19 years. His pyramid is a step pyramid and is thought to be the oldest pyramid in Egypt.

Unas built his pyramid, called “Beautiful are the Places of Unas”, near Djoser’s pyramid in Saqqara.  Unas ruled in the mid 2300s B.C. When he passed, the 5th dynasty came to an end. Although he had two queens(Nebet and Khenut), there is no evidence  he had any sons.

Ancient Memphis was founded in 2925 BCE by King Menes and was long known as the capital of Egypt. It was the home to many of the early pharaohs including Ramses II. Ramses II is generally believed to have been the Pharaoh during the exodus. As a consequence, many artifacts from Ramses II time still adorn the countryside. Ramses II, powerful and ambitious, was the third ruler of the 19th dynasty.


The author has been a writer/photographer for over thirty years. Specializing in nature and landscape photography, as well as studying native cultures.

His travels have taken him to most of the United States, as well as Australia, Belize, Egypt and the Canary Islands.

He has studied the Mayan culture of Central America as well as the aborigines of Australia. Photography has given him the opportunity to observe life in various parts of the world.

He has published several books about his adventures.

For more information, please consult his website,

Your comments are welcome

photo of the three pyramids of Giza at sunrise

Mysterious Egypt, land of a thousand years


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.